Author Archives: Elizabeth Green

Bridging Traditional Property Identification to Modern Technology

ECCMA Standard 1 – Vision or Version  –May 2015 – ECCMA Newsletter

By Elizabeth Green, Chair – ePROP

Natural identifiers enable straightforward resolution in the public domain and can assist in a number of use cases where information about property including its physical location is needed.  In the first of a three-part series, this article will discuss what Standard 1 is, what it is presently being used for and, what the goals for the future are.

Historically the description of a property was made through the use of natural markers, and while this is still in use today, a lot boundary is most commonly described by the coordinates of a polygon in a local coordinate system which is itself, at some point, referenced to the Earth’s coordinate system.

In most countries, the existence of a physical property is recorded through the registration of the legal description in a public registry—the land registry—maintained by the local legal jurisdiction. The index to the land registry is often used as an abbreviation of, or replacement for, a parcel’s legal description.

ECCMA Standard 1 provides a formula for creating unique identifiers for a specific locational point on the Earth – Property Natural Identifier Unit (PNIU) or a collection of points that represent a contiguous area of land, typically referred to as a “lot” – Property Natural Identifier Lot (PNIL).  These identifiers are defined as natural as they are self-described from their parts: latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates.

These identifiers have been developed to support the wide-spread use of global-positioning technology in everything from smart phone applications for driving directions to the use of drones.

PNIU – This part of ECCMA 1 specifies requirements for identifying a unit space. The identifier is an encoding of the latitude, longitude, and floor (elevation) of the front door or egress of the unit space.  It can also be used for marking any component’s location such as utility box, a well, etc.

PNIL – This part of ECCMA-1 specifies a method for generating a PNIL from such a boundary representation. It also specifies the format for a controlled identifier (identifier that is arbitrarily assigned and are not based on intrinsic characteristics of a lot) and requirements for organizations that issue controlled identifiers.

The PNIL  is unique to a single property—the property fingerprint because it is derived from the actual physical boundaries of the parcel of land.  Any change in the property boundaries, such a division into two new parcels, would necessitate a new, different PNIL.  Beyond its value as a natural identifier, the PNIL is intended to be used to display the boundaries of a property in any geospatial enabled system.

The PNIL is not intended to replace any of the existing property identifiers but represents an opportunity to add a standard geospatially interpretable identifier that will make it easy to visualize the boundaries of a property in commonly available geospatial systems.  However, the eProp workgroup will seek to articulate a common format for expressing metes and bounds so that this classical method of naming boundaries in land records systems can be codified.



A Giant Leap Forward for GPS Usage

GPS may replace street addresses sooner than you think thanks to a new and easy to use standard.

The concept of naming streets and numbering buildings dates back only 250 years, apparently first used in Paris in 1765. It clearly was a great step forward however despite efforts to standardize the methods used, naming streets and numbering buildings remains mostly a very local affair and a mystery to visitors.

Certainly, GPS technology is without a doubt one of the wonders of our generation, but it is still hampered by the street address system. Switching to pure latitude and longitude coordinates is a challenge as there are four different formulas and, whichever way you look at it, they are all a lot of numbers.  It is from this challenge that a new standard has emerged that gives GPS coordinates a human-friendly 14 character code.   ePROP is pleased to announce the release of the ECCMA Natural Location Identifier or eNLI™.  Click here to read the press release.

The eNLI is an actual a location identifier you can use to identify any place, from the location of your mailbox,  front door, back door or the location of your propane tank.  It can bed used to locate the front door of an apartment or any door in an office building or any piece of equipment in any office or factory.

The eNLI is a “natural” identifier meaning that it uses geography as its basis versus a manmade numbering system .   eNLI leverages an open data standard and is made available free of charge for use directly or in a software application.  eNLI is calculated by applying the ECCMA 1-4 standard to the GPS coordinates you present and then you apply the same standard to convert an eNLI back to those GPS coordinates.  Visit our Standards page to learn more about this exciting new development.

The ePROP workgroup is gearing up to begin exploring the power and possibilities of eNLI in the coming weeks.  Information about upcoming discussions and events will be posted shortly.



Why Property Data Standards?

Some may say that a house is like a snowflake.  Unique in style and content just like the people that inhabit it.  But, to use data and technology regarding real estate in the most beneficial and effective way for society, a common reference or language for describing property data has never been more important.

A new effort has been launched by the data standards organization ECCMA (Electronic Commerce Code Management Association) to bring clarity and consistency to some “household” terms.